Any woodworking project cannot be complete without a saw. In other words, a saw is the most popular or vital tool in the woodworking field.
Different types of saws are available on the market, which saw do you have back in your workshop? A jigsaw? Maybe you have a crosscut saw. Whichever it is, you must attest that it is very valuable equipment in your arsenal. But did you know that there are over 20 types of saws out there? You probably haven’t heard of some.
Luckily, we will be covering some of them in this article. Let’s explore them together, shall we?
Categories of Saws
Before we go deep into the multiple saw types, let’s shorten them for a better understanding. Generally, saws are divided into
Two Major Categories
- Handsaws (manual).
- Power saws (automatic).
Handsaws are saws that are handheld and they rely on the effort and power of the operator for them to cut through the workpiece. They are operated manually.
Power saws are also handheld, but they run on a motor that requires less of the operator’s effort and power. You will push them to cut or trim the workpiece, or you will push the workpiece towards the blade of the power saw.
All Different Types of Saws
Now, let’s go deeper with them;
Category 1: Hand Saws
These are also called panel saws, and they come in different types. Here are the types of handsaws that you should know about;
Back Saw or Tenon Saws
This saw comes short in size, and it features a narrow blade reinforced along the upper edge. They are mostly used along with miter boxes or if the workpiece requires a fine and straight consistent cut.
You probably already know about the hacksaw. This saw is best suited for cutting tubing and pipes. Thanks to their lightweight and overall versatility, the hacksaw can cut through almost any material. You just have to use the right blade, which is easily changeable.
This one comes with a short dual-edged blade that features 13TPI (teeth per inch). Specifically, this saw is used for precision veneer work.
Pole Saw or Pole Runner
(See our pick for best cordless pole saw)
This saw features an extendable pole that can reach up to 16 feet based on the model of the saw. It comes with a 6 or 8-inch blade that is specifically used for tree pruning. Today, you can find gas or electric-powered pole saw.
Types of Pole Saws
- Cordless pole saw
- Gas pole saw
- Electric pole saw
- Manual pole saw
- Rip-Cut Saw or Hand Saw
A rip cut saw is mostly used for framing projects. It comes with less TPI, but every tooth on the blade is sharp enough to easily eat through wood.
(See our pick for best hole saw kit)
This saw comes with a round handle, along with a blade that extends from the top of the handle. Usually, it is used for making patterns or circles in wood pieces. They are mostly used for drywall, mostly if only a small part is needed to be replaced or removed.
This saw comes with an almost similar design to a keyhole saw, but they are shorter in length with a wide blade and fewer TPI. Too often, the wallboard saw will come in a double-edge option. The design of a wallboard saw allows it to puncture through drywall and paneling. Mostly, this saw will be used to make starter holes for power tools.
This is another common type of handsaw that comes with a fairly thick blade with large and beveled teeth. They are specifically used to rough cut wood pieces. Back in the days, a 2-man crosscut saw was used for felling trees. It had a handle on both ends and was designed to be used by two people.
(See our pick for best pruning saw)
This type of saw will come with a blade of around 15 inches, which extends from the handle. The blade is wide with coarse teeth that can cut in either direction. They are mostly used for landscaping.
This one comes with a single handle and a thin cutting blade that extends out. The Japanese Saw can reach places most saws can’t. They are used to cut both soft and hardwood perfectly.
A coping saw features a thin and narrow blade that allows it to be used for scrolling, trimming or any other project that needs intricate and precise cuts.
This one almost looks like a coping saw, but the blade is thin and long. The frame is longer and larger than a coping saw. It is also used for making intricate cuts.
The bow saw comes with a long blade with several crosscut teeth, which makes it ideal for cutting logs, pruning, or trimming trees. It can also be used to making other rough cuts.
Category 2: Power Saws
Power saws are more of an advanced version of hand saws. They are meant to make work easier by enhancing the efficiency and delivery of woodworking projects. With power saws, they can either be electric or gas-powered.There are also so many different types of saws available. Electric power saws can be cordless (battery-powered) or corded (electricity-powered).
Here are the common types of chain saws;
(See our pick for best cordless electric chainsaw)
This type of power saw comes with a chain that is linked with several ripping teeth. A chain saw is in the same category of band saws, and they are mostly used for felling trees. They can also be used to cut massive logs.
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Circular Saw or Buzz Saw/Skilsaw
This is another popular type of power saw, which was made popular by the brand, Skilsaw hence the name. They come with a toothed blade that is around 7.25-inch to 9-inch in diameter. A circular saw can be used with blades that can rip through masonry, plastic, metal, wood, or any other material.
Circular saws come in various categories including the following;
- Cordless circular saw. (See our pick for best Cordless circular saw)
- Corded circular saw. (See our pick for best Corded circular saw)
- Worm drive circular saw. (See our pick for best Worm drive saw)
- Compact/mini circular saw. (See our pick for best Compact circular saw)
- Hypoid circular saw.
- Cold saw circular saw.
- Abrasive saw circular saw.
- Cordwood saw circular saw.
- Sidewinder circular saw.
Chop Saw or concrete saw/abrasive saw/cut-off saw
This is a type of circular saw that is made in both masonry and metal cutting versions. With the masonry cutting chop saws, they will come with a water line connection to minimize dust as it is cutting. All chop saws will come with toothless blades that come with special abrasives that will cut through the specific material.
This is a portable power saw that is meant for re-sawing flooring of any material to fit. Thanks to its portability, the flooring saw allows you to have an easy time when cutting flooring. You don’t have to remove the materials from the floor.
A stationary band saw is tall in size and is meant to stand on the floor. It features large pulleys above and below the cutting table. These pulleys will move a continuous band with fine teeth to cut through different materials. They are best used for intricate cutting of curves into wood pieces, tubes, PVC, and piping. You can also use a band saw for re-sawing, but it needs some skills.
(See our pick for best portable band saw)
This is a portable version of the stationary unit, which comes smaller in size. It can deliver the same functions of a stationary band saw. However, they can only cut through pipes of 3-4 inches in diameter. Most metalworkers, welders, and plumbers can use it to make straight cuts too.
Other types of band saws include the following;
- Horizontal band saw
- Meat band saw
- Benchtop band saw. (See our pick for best Benchtop bandsaw)
- Vertical band saw
- Wood band saw
- Jigsaw. (See our pick for Best jigsaw/ Best Cordless jigsaw)
This is a handheld power saw that comes with a short and fine-toothed blade that moves up and down at adjustable speeds. It is specifically designed for cutting non-straight lines and curves in wood pieces.
Compound Miter Saw
(See our pick for best compound sliding miter saw)
This power saw is used for making straight, miter, and compound cuts on workpieces. Unlike the miter saw, the compound miter saw comes with a blade mounted on the arm that is adjustable if you want to make complex angles. They are the best for trimming out windows or adding crown molding.
The panel saw comes with horizontal and vertical alignments. They are almost similar to table saws and are meant for cutting large panels. With the horizontal model, they come with a sliding feed table. On the other hand, a vertical model panel saw allows you to either have a blade moving through a stationary panel or feed the material to the blade.
Mostly, panel saws are used in sign making, cabinetmaking, and other similar projects.
This type of saw looks almost like a grinder, but it features an oscillating attachment at the end. You can change the attachment based on your project. The saw can also be used for grinding, scraping, or removing grout.
This one comes with a fixed blade and a screwdriver-type handle that is small in size. They are usually used in construction projects. However, they are best in cutting into walls for repairs and access. You can also use the rotary saw for drywall or paneling.
(See our pick for best cordless miter saw)
The miter saw is almost like a hand saw that is perfect for use in trimming or other projects that need accurate angle cuts or measurements. They can be used along with a table for cutting long mitered ends. For comfort while using miter saw you should add a miter saw stand. (See our pick for best portable miter saw stand)
Radial Arm Saw
With a radial arm saw, it comes with a motor and blade that are placed on an extended arm over the cutting table. This way, you can use it to make similar compound cuts, miter cuts, and more. Some radial arm saws allow you to use a circular saw blade on them.
Reciprocating Saw or Sawzall
The reciprocating saw comes with a blade that moves back and forth rapidly. The original manufacturer of reciprocating saws was Sawzall, the brand. Which is why they are also called a Sawzall. Mostly, they are used for cutting wood, plastic, and tubing. They can be used for cutting beneath wood or wall joints since their blades can easily cut through nail too.
Mostly, reciprocating saws are used for demolition work.
The common types of reciprocating saws include the following;
- Corded reciprocating saw (See our pick for best Corded reciprocating saw)
- Cordless reciprocating saw. (See our pick for best Cordless reciprocating saw)
- Portable reciprocating saw
- Track Saw or Plunging Saw. (See our pick for best Track Saw)
- Air reciprocating saw. (See our pick for best air reciprocating saw)
This saw can be attached to a long gliding rail, and it almost looks like a circular saw. They are highly portable and are used for making long and precise cuts in the woods.
These saws can work with a band, reciprocating, or continuous blade and they look like a coping saw. They are used for making spiral lines, patterns, or intricate scrollwork.
(See our pick for best tile saw review)
This saw looks like a miter saw, and it is also called a wet saw. It features a diamond-coated blade and a water cooling system that allows you to cut through tiles with less dust and effort.
Table saw gives the most professional among all, especiially this one for bulk amount of woodworking activities. People who are professional woodworker they must have to have one for each. For perfect cut its neccessary to use Table Saw Miter Gauge. (See our pick for best Table Saw Miter Gauge)
So many types of table saws out there include
- Compact, (See our pick for best beginner table saw)
- Contractor, (See our pick for best contractor table saw)
- Hybrid table saws.
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So here is the different types of saws introduction and pictures, hope you got the idea about all the saws on the market.
Always ensure that you find a durable and fully functional saw that will perfectly handle your project. Before using it must esure the safety precuations and learn the laws of using it. It will keep you safe and gives you acceptable result.